Net of protected
The lagoons of Archidona and the surroundings (Protected
Peripheral Area), constitute the ideal habitat for numerous fauna species. The community
of vertebrates tied to the aquatic medium is represented by an ichthyofauna (barbels)
which is only important in the Laguna Grande, accompanied by a multitude of species of
minute arthropoda and other invertebrates which overrun the banks and in-between the
rocks; with regards to the avifauna, some swimming species of birds visit the lagoons of
Archidona coming from Fuente de Piedra and other lacustrine complexes nearby, such as the
royal heron, and coots.
This same aquatic medium, in relation to the marshy
vegetation, is the habitat for reptiles (water snakes, tortoises) and amphibians.
In the Protected Peripheral Area, as much in the tree
coverage as the associated bushes, provide the ecological conditions for the wintering
period and nesting of numerous species of birds, above all Passerine (Fringilline, Parus,
Motacillidae, Gavia immer and others); there is also an abundance of blackbirds. As
representatives to the avifauna there are also predatory falcon-like birds such as the
kestrel, tawny owl and the little owl.
|In the area of the Laguna Grande there is a colony of royal
swifts which has a seasonal character.
mammals can be seen at the banks of the lagoons as well as in the Protected Peripheral
Area , such as the fox, the badger and the weasel; the rabbit, relatively abundant in the
Protected Peripheral Area is the object of hunting, as well as some other birds such as
the wood pigeon or the turtledove. The only mammal which is strictly tied to the aquatic
medium is the water rat.
The holm-oak grove and the clear areas also constitute a
habitat where it is possible to find many reptiles.
In general, the largest part of the vertebrate fauna in the
area is under protection by the current legislation, according to decree 4/86 (in the
Andalusian scope) and the royal decree 439/90 of the development of the law 4/89 of the
Conservation of Natural Spaces and Wild Flora and Fauna, so the maximum respect towards
the inhabitants of this natural space is recommended.